How to Visit Subway Cave, a Lava Tube in Lassen National Forest

The Subway Cave is the largest lava tube you can visit in Lassen National Forest, Northern California. 

Visit Subway Cave, Northern California - Roads and Destinations
A complete guide to visiting Subway Cave in Lassen National Forest, Northern California

A Complete Guide to Visiting Subway Cave, a Natural Lava Tube in Lassen National Forest

A lava tube has a magnetizing effect on me. Not particularly crazy about volcanoes, I can’t dismiss nature’s miracle every lava tube is in essence. My first encounter with this phenomenon was supposed to happen in Arizona. We visited the Grand Canyon State in spring 2021, when a pandemia was still keeping the world pretty much upside down. As a result of this and frequent visits, the Lava River Cave was closed. 

I can’t describe my excitement when I heard about the Subway Cave in Northern California. Located in Lassen National Forest, about 15 minutes away from Lassen Volcano National Park, this underground cavern is the largest accessible lava tube in the area. 

History in a Nutshell

Some 30,000 years ago, lava began pouring out from cracks in the earth. The molted substance spilled over the floor of Hat Creek Valley, smiting everything on its way. 

Eventually the top layer of the ground hardened. But this didn’t stop the lava from flowing underneath the surface. In fact, the hardened crust further stimulated the lava flow, creating a natural insolation from above. 

The lava exhausted itself at one point. But the underground tunnels, such as the Subway Cave, still testify to the incredible force of the volcano and nature itself. 

Visit Subway Cave, Northern California - Roads and Destinations
Lassen National Forest
Northern California - Roads and Destinations
Empty lava cave early in the morning

Visit Subway Cave

The Subway Cave is the largest lava tube in the lava flow. It spreads for 1/3 mile and in some area is nearly 40 feet wide. A few mini tunnels deviate from the main cavern. These are dead-end tunnels, forcing visitors to turn back and follow the main course of the Subway Cave. 


The coveted natural landmark in Lassen National Forest sits off of Highway 89. From a small parking lot with two vault toilets, a short hiking trail snakes through the forest to a depression in the ground.  

Inside Subway Cave

A few staircases help you get down inside the Subway Cave. Once you make it on the lava tube ground and dive just a few feet farther inside, a complete darkness envelops you. Interpretive signage at the parking lot warns you about it and instructs to bring along a flashlight or battery operated lantern. 

We failed to do it. As I normally stay behind to take pictures, I entered the Subway Cave in complete darkness, all by myself. I could hear voices of my travel companions farther inside the lava tunnel, but couldn’t see anything, not even my own hands. 

My phone flashlight was weak against this pitch darkness, only strong enough to illuminate a small area in front of me and saving me from falling with my face down on the jagged ground. 

I hurried to catch up with the rest of the group. In this spooky and cold place, the last thing I wanted was to face living in the lava tube bats alone. 

TIP: The Subway Cave has more interpretive signage and maps that show where exactly you are. But even with two phone flashlights, it was hard to see them. So if you want to take the most of your visit to the Subway Cave, be sure to bring a bigger flashlight, a head flashlight, a or battery operated lantern. 

The 1/3-mile hike ends faster than you expect it. A crack through which day light penetrates into the cavern means only one thing: the exit. Another set of staircases helps you get out of the lava tunnel. 

If you feel like trudging through the dark Subway Cave one more time, turn back and repeat the hike until you get back to where you started at. Otherwise, follow the narrow, unpaved trail back to the parking lot. 

Visit Subway Cave, Northern California - Roads and Destinations
Entering the lava tune
Visit Subway Cave, Northern California - Roads and Destinations
Pitch darkness inside the lava tunnel
Visit Subway Cave, Northern California - Roads and Destinations
Day lights penetrates through the exit
Visit Subway Cave, Northern California - Roads and Destinations
Stairs on the other side of the lava tube

Things to Know before Visiting Subway Cave

Bring along Flashlight or Battery Operated Lantern 

It’s pitch dark inside the Subway Cave. Phone flashlight can help you pass through the lava tube safely, but greatly diminishes your ability to see a lot or take pictures. So bring along a flashlight. If you forget one, you can rent it at the Old Station Information Center, located 1/4 mile south of the Subway Cave.

Put on a Light Jacket

The temperature inside the lava tube hovers around 46 degrees Fahrenheit. If you are the one who gets cold quickly, pack a light jacket before visiting the Subway Cave. 

Beware of Rattlesnakes 

Rattlesnakes live in the area along the trail leading to the Subway Cave. Respect the wildlife, give the snakes enough space, and don’t try to catch them. 

Protect Fragile Environment

The Subway Cave is a unique attraction. The area is free to visit, but needs protection. So follow the Lassen National Forest’s guidelines, don’t litter, and keep strictly on the designated trails. No food or water is allowed inside the lava tube. Picnic area is located across the road from the parking lot.

No Pets in Subway Cave

Dogs or other pets are not allowed in the Subway Cave.

The Best Time to Visit Subway Cave

Hiking through the Subway Cave is possible from April through October. Moreover, if you arrive during weekdays or early in the morning like we did you are more likely to have the entire lava tube to yourself. 

 Northern California - Roads and Destinations
Make sure to bring a flashlight before visiting the Subway Cave

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